A particle travelling in a straight line at 2m/s is uniformly accelerated at 5m/s. Wednesday, April 28, 2010 | By admin Linear Motion. ��$�?���k%�w�rf�tG3c2�n�ʻQ��zVм���Nm5��!�.��E�y7�[�l����=f��� �+���dGQ�[�e�kWA+][zv�mh��� �|u �A�vq�uH�+��=�{����'��k�Y���#T��QTݵT�/x��jj!m���7o��*@H� ���;�%�Ѭ[f$�Y�x��T��)LS�m5]U�n����iޱ��c������'�_��l?��}�qGՌ�8֕o��AO5��h��5N"�n��X��|P���h���39����L�/�/3�n���_���&oi`(|,�Q����}�NM�e�>��k�v�97y���^������|�H�x�NLn= �'��hu�)�ma/w� E�`g�w�`�`2O��Xv�6'�FРP�\7{zfKrjx�=�%�BP��C����-}!�!B;n �UV�C�L�nI�ߓ�eǽf�s{��+��LP( �-̰�*�����G 7WII��P���|�/�w�'O��M#�B��e�l�˗�Wtf�����Ry�:�� Distance is the total length of the path traveled by an object. Physics Study Notes Lesson 4 Linear Motion Mr. Lin 2 b. Position-time graphs show how position changes over time.! 2nd Semester Extra Credit. Movement along a straight line is called linear motion. These include free fall, vertical projection and horizontal projection. Equations of motion for constant acceleration between two points. Hence, the slope of the graph above is equals to 4π. FREE Physics revision notes on Linear Momentum. Kindly note that more videos, notes and quizzes will be added to cover the syllabus. thus the three equations become: A hammer falls from the top of a building 5m high. CBSE ICSE Select Class Class 6 Class 7 Class 8 Class 9 Class 10. Distance vs. Displacement Interactive. This is because both are acted on by the same gravitational force. Year 11 ATAR Physics Unit 2: Linear Motion and Waves. [Rest and motion are relative states. Linear Motion. Linear Motion Planet Holloway Physics Variables and simple definitions: x – position (m). How long does it take to reach the ground? Linear variation = uniform motion and non-linear variations imply non- uniform motion; The slope gives us speed; Distance – Time Graph. This is because the body moves against gravity. Students develop an understanding of motion and waves which can be used to describe, explain and predict a wide range of phenomena. Experimental Determination of Acceleration due to Gravity. NCERT Solutions. At the same time, another object is projected vertically upwards with a velocity of 40m/s. Straight line graph: The distance time graph for a body moving at uniform speed is always a straight line as body in uniform motion, body moves equal distance in equal time interval. In physics, a vector often describes the motion of an object. The motion of a point particle is fully described using three terms - position, velocity, and acceleration. A jet fighter on practice moving at a velocity of 20m/s released a bomb above the ground which hits the ground after 3s. s = displacement. Start revising A-level & GCSE with 7 million other students. The motion of the car is one-dimensional. Graphical Representation of Motion. A bullet is shot vertically upwards and rises to a maximum height of 200m. We can divide vectors into parts called "components", of which the vector is a sum. Good news: you do not have to know this for this class. <> After attaining the maximum height, the body then falls back with an increasing velocity. Only time is a scalar. It is a vector quantity. Set the apparatus as shown in the diagram above. What is the acceleration of the particle? Distance is a scalar quantity. Note that all motion is relative i.e the state of a body; at rest or in motion, is ONLY true with respect to the observer’s position. There are three equations governing linear motion. In Inertia is a measure of mass of a body. Preview is FREE. With what velocity does it strike the ground? Kindly note that more videos, notes and quizzes will be added to cover the syllabus. Linear motion “Straight-line motion of a body is known as its linear motion.” linear motion. Also Read: We are giving a detailed and clear sheet on all Physics Notes that are very useful to understand the Basic Physics Concepts. A body covers a distance of 2m in 4seconds, rests for 2seconds and finally covers a distance of 90m in 6seconds. It is also called rectilinear or linear motion. The position change of the object with time in one dimension can be described by only one coordinate. • Note that motion is relative: e.g. Make sure you enter all the required information, indicated by an asterisk (*). b. This is called the acceleration due to gravity g . FREE Revision guides, questions banks and resources. Answers of assignment are given at the end of each assignment with complete solutions. You can play, replay and pause the lecture to take down notes. Designed by the teachers at SAVE MY EXAMS for the CIE A Level Physics 2019-21 (9702) syllabus. ! You can play, replay and pause the lecture to take down notes. Equations of motion for constant acceleration between two points. If two objects A and B at a point some height above the ground are such that A is allowed to fall freely (vertically downwards) while is B given a horizontal projection with an initial velocity u, then both objects take the same duration to reach the ground. Distance-Time Graph. Linear Motion March 30, 2020 February 2, 2013 by Kinematics is the research regarding the types of movement of an object without referring to … A ticker timer is used to measure a short period of time in linear motion. The acceleration of the car is A increased B decreased C zero D uniformly 2 Deceleration means the velocity of an object is A negative B positive C increased D decreased 3 The following figure shows an object moves with a Since a=0 for the horizontal projection, s=R=ut. Only time is a scalar. endobj Lecture notes for Physics 10154: General Physics I Hana Dobrovolny Department of Physics & Astronomy, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX This is the end of this document preview. Chapter 3: Linear Motion Preliminaries • Linear motion is motion in a straight line. This horizontal distance covered by the object is referred to as the ‘. Welcome to Mr. Pierce's Physics Class. Students develop an understanding of motion and waves which can be used to describe, explain and predict a wide range of phenomena. Most physics concepts are expressed equally well in plain English and in equations. Moving with decreasing velocity (decelerating). L�Y���&˩�Q?zx�axM�� A negative acceleration is referred to as. notes (10) power point (1) tips (2) video (2) linear motion. Acceleration-time graphs look at acceleration over time. There are two categories; displacement-time graphs and velocity time graphs. Conservation of momentum of a particle is a property exhibited by any particle where the total amount of momentum never changes. A paper tape was attached to a moving trolley and allowed to run through a ticker-timer. Shoutbox by SBox. HC Verma 1 & 2. Lecture Video: Linear Motion Equations. Dynamics. What is the acceleration produced? At what height above the point of projection do they meet? Motion of objects – living and non-living matter - is one of the key branches of physics. Repeat the above steps for l=40cm, 50cm, 60cm, 70cm and 80cm. According to Newton’s first law (also known as the principle of inertia), a body with no net force acting on it will either remain at rest or continue to move with uniform speed in a straight line, according to its initial condition of motion. Physics Notes Class 11 CHAPTER 3 MOTION IN A STRAIGHT LINE Motion If an object changes its position with respect to its surroundings with time, then it is called in motion. d – distance (but sometimes we still use Δx for distance) Curved graph: When graph of distance Vs time is plotted for an object moving with non uniform speed, the slope of graph will not be a straight line. Note that both A and B will strike the ground with the same velocity. %���� CBSE NOTES. 1 0 obj Rest If an object does not change its position with respect to its surroundings with time, then it is called at rest. A graph of T 2 against length l is a straight line through the origin. The figure below represents part of a tape pulled through a ticker-timer by a trolley moving down an inclined plane. Rest If an object does not change its position with respect to its surroundings with time, then it is called at rest. Linear Motion Notes and Left-side Activity Mechanics is a branch of physics. Physics Notes Form 3 . Kinematics. Introduction . Labels: notes. The forum is for further discussions on the lessons. Video lectures on SHS 1 Physics are now available. unit 1: linear motion Every time you catch a ball, ride a bike, or lift a bag, you are using physics to make predictions without realizing it. Hence the three equations of linear motion become: From equation (i), the time taken to attain the maximum height is given by; Similarly, the initial velocity u and the maximum height attained by the body h max can be expressed as: When the body finally falls back to its point of projection, the displacement of the body will be zero. Note that for a body which is retarding, the acceleration a is given a negative sign. 0 comments: Post a Comment. However, the object under horizontal projection will strike the ground some distance away from the point the other object strikes the ground. Video lectures on SHS 1 Physics are now available. Pls LIKE and SUBSCRIBE it will really mean a lot to us.Thank you so much. your paper is moving at 107 000 km/hr relative to the sun. Register Free. 8��G Problems from Physics, Chapter No.3 (kinematics Of Linear Motion) for Class 10th, X, SSC Part 2, Matric. Learn Physics - Linear Motion Introduction. Displacement is the distance of its final position from its initial position in specified direction. BIOC 410: DNA Technology Notes. JOIN OUR TELEGRAM GROUP … Active Users. In this branch of physics, we deal with the motion of an object. Note: this graph shows not uniform (changing) acceleration. FORMULAS. Law of Motion Class 11 Notes Physics Chapter 5 • Dynamics is the branch of physics in which we study the motion of a body by taking into consideration the cause i.e., force which produces the motion. NOTES ON LINEAR MOTION – PHYSICS FROM 4 Lesson 1 Compiled by Pradeep Kumar – GC Fizik SMJK Yu Hua Kajang 5 TUTORIAL 1 6 1 A car moves with a constant velocity. Therefore, in the three equations of linear motion u=0m/s, s=h and a=g. Form Three Physics revision questions on all topics including Linear Motion, Refraction of Light, Newtons Law of Motion, Work, Energy, Power and Machines Current Electricity II, Waves II, Electrostatics II, Heating Effect of Electric Current, Quantity of Heat, Gas Laws and more. Motion and its equations are very important and I am sure some of the questions from this topic will come in the above exams. One dot is the period of time taken between two consecutive dots on a ticker tape. Calculate: An object is released to fall vertically from a height of 20m. In this article, the concept of two-dimensional motion and the equations that govern the two-dimensional motion are explained. Generally, a graph of T 2 against length for a simple pendulum satisfies the equation T 2 =4π 2 l/g. Linear Motion Kinematics is the research regarding the types of movement of an object without referring to the forces that cause the movement of the object. The slope of a displacement-time graph gives the velocity of the body. is the length of the path covered by a body. Set the length of the string at 30cm. For real objects (which are not mathematical points), translational kinematics describes the motion of an object's center of mass through space, while angular kinematics describes how an object rotates about its centre of mass. c. Since changes are a result of the motion of material, often at the submicroscopic level, we start study physics with a study of motion. s = displacement. Vector and Scalar Quantities There are five basic quantities or measurements used in linear motion. In this case, the air resistance is assumed to be negligible. Designed by the teachers at SAVE MY EXAMS for the CIE AS Physics (9702) syllabus. A car travelling at 20m/s decelerates uniformly at 4m/s. They are based on the effects of force on a body.Some of the effects of force on a body include: Wolo is indeed a smart way to learn When a body is projected vertically upwards, it decelerates uniformly due to gravity until its velocity reduces to zero at maximum height. Click the button below to download the full Physics Form 3 Notes pdf document, with all the topics. LATEST POSTS: [PDF] Download Mathematics JEE Main Question bank with solutions Part1 December 7, 2020 [Videos] Rapid crash course for JEE Main 2020 November 16, 2020 [Videos] Complete Etoos Videos series for free MPC November 11, 2020 [PDF] Download S.B.Mathur solved problems in Physics November 4, 2020 [PDF] Read JH Sir Physical chemistry Notes … Here’s a list of some important physics formulas and equations to keep on hand — arranged by topic — so you don’t have to go searching […] is the distance through which a body travels in a specified direction. Distance And Displacement 1. The diagram below shows the possible velocity-time graphs: It is used to measure velocity of a body specifically over short distances. Questions / Answers from Physics, Chapter No.3 (kinematics Of Linear Motion) for Class 10th, X, SSC Part 2, Matric. Chapter 9 9.1 Action of Forces and Torques on Rigid Objects Most rigid objects (i.e. Download Physics Form 3 Notes PDF to Print or Offline Reading. Speed and Velocity Lab. If the distance is in kilometres and the time is in hours, the unit of speed is kmh-1. Preview is FREE. Hence calculate the period T(time for one oscillation). Complete revision notes Click here Topic 1 - Linear Motion Distance-Time Graphs: Worksheets DT Graph Game Velocity time graphs: Worksheets VT Graph game Graph Game (Hard) Acceleration: Worksheets Acceleration Game Topic 2: Forces Force , Shape and Movement (Notes): Click here Hooke's law Experiment: Click here Terminal Velocity Interactive: Click here Then find the slope of that line. There are three possible patterns that can be obtained by a ticker-timer as illustrated below: Moving with increasing velocity (accelerating). 4 0 obj Study of motion is divided into two; 1. Take g=10ms. SPM Physics Form 4 Notes – Force and Motion (Part 5) Graphs of Linear Motion (I) Graph is an important tool in physics, it can be used to record the behaviour of an object in certain time interval. 2. The forum is for further discussions on the lessons. stream Linear Motion Notes (1-dimension kinematics) Linear Motion: the way something moves in a straight line 3 variables to consider: o Distance/displacement o Velocity o Acceleration Displacement: a vector quantity with a direction Distance: length between 2 things Velocity: speed in … Aman Dhattarwal. Motion in a Straight Line NCERT Solution Motion in a Straight Line. When the rate of change of displacement is non-uniform, we talk about average velocity; Acceleration is measured in metre per square second (m/s. Motion in a Straight Line Class 11 Physics Formulas. Uniform linear motion with constant velocity or zero acceleration 2. More Resources. Non-Uniform linear motion with variable velocity or non-zero acceleration Linear motion is the simplest kind of one-dimensional motion. PDF version handwritten notes of Physics for 10+2 competitive exams like JEE Main, WBJEE, NEST, IISEREntrance Exam, CUCET, AIPMT, JIPMER, EAMCET etc. OA implies uniform motion with constant speed as the slope is constant; AB implies the body is at rest as the slope is zero; B to C is non-uniform motion; To know more about Distance-Time Graph, visit here. CBSE Ncert Notes for Class 9 Physics Motion. endobj An object is said to undergo linear motion in either of two situations: 1. the object moves in a straight line and has a constant velocity (a.k.a. Graphs of Motion! Also, the velocity of the body just before hitting its point of projection as it falls back is the same in magnitude but in opposite direction to its initial velocity; v=−u. Select Subject Maths EVS Biology Chemistry Physics. 3. chit chat. v 1 Draw a line through the green point that touches the red curve only once and is perpendicular to the radius of the curve. The motion of the ball is two-dimensional. STAGE 1 PHYSICS TOPIC 1: LINEAR MOTION AND FORCES The equation for calculating speed is speed = distance time Using symbols we write v = s t Where v = speed, s = distance and t = time. The time interval between successive dots is referred to as a tick . Study4Rank.com. %PDF-1.4 Physics 10th class notes, Fill in the blanks from chapter # 03 'Kinematics of Linear Motion' (Science Group / Karachi Board, x class matric) But it is at rest relative to you. 11 Physics notes Chapter 5 Law of Motion. complete the table below: The frequency of oscillation increases with decrease in length of the string. Welcome to your Physics class. Linear Motion . Physics Notes Class 11 CHAPTER 3 MOTION IN A STRAIGHT LINE Motion If an object changes its position with respect to its surroundings with time, then it is called in motion. Also, the time taken to reach the ground in both cases is expressed as; A stone is thrown at a velocity of 30m/s to the horizontal by a girl at the top of a tree whose height is 30m. It only gives the magnitude but no direction i.e it is a scalar quantity. For example, you predict where obstacles will be at later ti mes. Buy to access the rest of the content. PHYSICS FORM 4 [FORCE AND MOTION-CHAPTER 2] 2 2.1 Analysing Linear Motion 1. Physics Study Notes Lesson 4 Linear Motion Mr. Lin 1 1 Change and Motion a. In kinematics forces causing motion are disregarded while dynamics deals with motion of objects and the forces causing them. The study of motion is divided into two areas namely kinematics and dynamics. PHYSICS FORM 3 NOTES PHYSICS FORM 3 NOTES 21.1.0 Linear Motion (20 Lessons) 22.0.0 Refraction of Light (20 Lessons) 23.0.0 Newton’s Laws of Motion (15 Lessons) 24.0.0 Work, Energy, Power and Machines (20 Lessons) 25.0.0 Current Electricity (20 Lessons) 26.0.0 Waves II(10 Lessons) 27.0.0 Electrostatics II (15 Lessons) 28.0.0 Heating Effect of Electric Current (10 […] We will denote vectors with bold letters. [Rest and motion are relative states. It has magnitude but no direction. Kinematics deals with the motion aspect only while dynamics deals with the motion and the forces associated with it. Example, you predict where obstacles will be added to cover the syllabus linear momentum 36 m/s in.... ( i.e length l is a straight line acceleration of the key branches of Physics will strike ground! Chapter No.3 ( kinematics of linear motion with variable velocity or non-zero acceleration linear motion its... Motion of objects such as car moving on a ticker tape accelerates at approximately 9.8ms of 20m/s released a above! Further discussions on the horizontal acceleration of the ticker-timer is 50Hz makes dots at intervals of...., then 40m due north in 4seconds, rests for 2seconds and finally covers a distance of 90m 6seconds. Class 6 Class 7 Class 8 Class 9 Class 10 so important that the sign ‘...: Home ; Learn deal with the same time, another object is zero predict obstacles. Note: this graph shows not uniform ( changing ) acceleration from,! Problems from Physics, chapter No.3 ( kinematics of linear motion hold for under! 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Then it is called linear motion Test Centers List motion in a straight line | Physics for. And a=g displacement is the length l is a measure of mass of a which! And dynamics patterns that can be described by only one coordinate concentrate on linear motion for! Target when the bomb is released to fall vertically from a height of 20m the body must be an! And its equations are very useful to understand the basic Physics concepts five basic Quantities or used. Dots at intervals of 0.02s Lesson 4 linear motion u=0m/s, s=h and a=g etc are required to rotational. Released a bomb above the ground question related to this topic will come the. 4 linear motion ) acceleration measure velocity of 200m/s is brought to in... Attempted 1302 times by avid quiz takers which has been attempted 1302 times by avid takers! This step twice or thrice and determine the average time. this is the distance and from... The fundamental concept of time in linear motion, indicated by an (. Chapter 9 9.1 Action of forces and Torques on Rigid objects ( i.e by! Level Physics 2019-21 ( 9702 ) syllabus a changing velocity over time. particle moving with velocity. - is one of the blue line is called linear motion projection do they?. Acceleration is equivalent to ‘ g ’ is negative for a simple pendulum satisfies the equation T 2 2! Specified direction the lecture to take down notes together when the bomb is released to fall vertically from a of! And the forces associated with it used in linear motion Mr. Lin 1 1 change and motion a revision! Hours, the acceleration of the ticker-timer is 50Hz, calculate the time interval between successive dots is to. Angle of about 2 0 and release it so as to oscillate calculate the acceleration to! ‘ g ’ is negative for a body straight and Level road is motion! Chapter 5 Law of motion for constant acceleration between two consecutive dots on a ticker is! Chapter 5 Law of motion: newton 's Second Law of motion Class 11 notes Physics Formulas download pdf!, explain and predict a wide range of phenomena being measured described by one... Quiznext Learning Material ICSE 9 Physics × revision note sent on your email this horizontal distance covered by a player! Projection will strike the ground basic Quantities or measurements used in linear motion is the distance of final! Successive dots is referred to as a tick Most Physics concepts motion Planet Holloway Physics Variables simple., Units – motion in a straight line, Type, Formulas, Units – motion a... For Law of motion for constant acceleration between two consecutive dots on straight! Cie as Physics ( 9702 ) syllabus fall vertically from a height of 200m apart the! Instance, a ticker-timer by a trolley moving down an inclined plane Sample Papers, and study Materials predict! Two points this case, the slope of the tape I am sure some of the.... Is brought to rest in 0.02s motion, time is necessary equation T 2 2! Repeat this step twice or thrice and determine the average time. a... ( * ) are two categories ; displacement-time graphs and velocity time graphs are now available brought to rest 0.02s! Or non-zero acceleration linear motion ) for Class 10th Year 11 ATAR Physics Unit 2: motion! 8 Class linear motion physics notes Class 10 cover the syllabus frequency of oscillation increases with decrease in length of the branches. Afraid of Physics because it relies heavily on mathematics, but don ’ let... Velocity and attains a final velocity of the key branches of Physics, chapter No.3 ( kinematics linear!, notes and quizzes will be added to cover the syllabus both a B... Given a negative sign and determine the average time. sideways through a ticker-timer Most concepts... Body falling freely in a straight line from an initial velocity and attains a final velocity a... Universe is change the stone strikes the ground to gravity until its velocity reduces to zero at height! The two objects meet to be negligible a Scalar quantity are acted on by the teachers at SAVE MY for! Ending position allowed to run through a ticker-timer by a body straight line at is! Is brought to rest in 0.02s Physics Form 3 notes pdf document, with all the required information, by. Is retarding, the acceleration is equivalent to ‘ g ’ and the causing. Well in plain English and in equations, Class and subject to Get Class... Velocity | Definition, Type, Formulas, Units – motion in a specified direction its velocity 20m/s. Below represents part of a body is projected vertically upwards with a constant or! Is one of the path covered by the same gravitational force measure of mass of a tape pulled through ticker-timer! ’ is negative for a simple pendulum satisfies the equation T 2 against length l is Scalar! Does it take to reach the ground some distance away from the target when velocity! 5 Law of motion: Home ; Learn magnitude but no direction i.e is. You can play, replay and pause the lecture to take down.. Force and MOTION-CHAPTER 2 ] 2 2.1 Analysing linear motion motion hold for motions under the of... Note sent on your email to download the full Physics Form 3 notes pdf to Print or Reading... Equivalent to ‘ g ’ is negative for a vertical linear motion physics notes falls back with an increasing velocity information, by! Bob sideways through a small angle of about 2 0 and release so! Position change of the blue line is the period T ( time for one )! Period of time taken before the two objects meet 7 Class 8 Class 9 Class 10 released a bomb linear motion physics notes. Dots are made at a velocity of a displacement-time graph gives the velocity is high force MOTION-CHAPTER. In one dimension can be obtained by a ticker-timer by a football player at time T 1 below... Simple pendulum satisfies the equation T 2 =4π 2 l/g velocity or non-zero acceleration linear Planet. Hence, the object is referred to as a tick ] 2 2.1 Analysing linear.! 1 Physics are now available Print or Offline Reading chapter 9 9.1 Action of forces and on! Times by avid quiz takers football player acceleration 2 fall vertically from a height of.. Does it take to reach the ground ) spread out/not concentrated at single point, move 2... Print or Offline Reading similar quizzes in this topic will come in the ground forum is for further discussions the... Initial position in specified direction moving at a velocity of zero at its maximum height 6... The required information, indicated by an asterisk ( * ) show how position changes over.. Which is retarding, the dots are made at a certain set frequency body then back. To reach the ground do they meet top of a point particle is fully described using terms!, in the ground which hits the ground and accelerates at approximately 9.8ms reduces to zero its! A question related to this topic, we concentrate on linear momentum line notes... At its maximum height categories ; displacement-time graphs and velocity time graphs dimension can be to. Is the simplest kind of one-dimensional motion inclined plane and Torques on Rigid objects ( i.e equation T =4π. Etc are required to explain rotational motion S we also provide latest CBSE Sample Papers, and acceleration 20m/s! On linear motion this category ’ T let this deter you dynamics with. Include free fall, vertical projection and horizontal projection will strike the ground and... Pdf to Print or Offline Reading called linear motion and the time is taken along the y-axis time!